a.k.a. Angavalam; When devotees lie prostrate, and then roll around the temple, chanting the Lord’s name.
Worshippers move in a clockwise direction around the temple. In larger temples the ambulatory passageways for circumambulation start at the sanctuary doorway and move inward toward the inner sanctum where the deity is enshrined and therefore the seat of spiritual energy. This is to reflect the spiritual concept of transitioning through the levels in life from worldly to spiritual. Circumambulation is done in several forms including walking either normally or toe-to-toe, kneeling and moving forward knee-to-knee or rolling prostrate around the temple.
Large tower resembling a pyramid above the gateway of most South Indian temples
Prayer ritual invoking the blessings of the Guru, Arul Thiru Amma
The circumambulatory pathway made of stone around the shrine.
The cosmic sound, that which controls and sustains the life force, through the Prana or breath